Archive for the ‘Rose’ Category

Runkelstein Castle and the Voynich Manuscript

June 10, 2011 Leave a comment

Runkelstein Castle

Runkelstein Castle , in the South Tyrol, dates from the 13th. century and contains a set of mural paintings / frescoes that contain some features that are reminiscent of some images in the Voynich Manuscript. See this link for a collection of photos from the Castle. (Images in this post are copies from there and from

History of the Castle

In summary, it was built by the Lords of Wangen in 1237, then taken over by Count Meinhard II of Tyrol in 1277, then bought by the Vintlers in 1385, one of whom was the counsellor and financier of the Count of  Tyrol, Duke Leopold III of Austria. The Vintlers commissioned the frescos.  Then in 1407 it was besieged. It was bought sometime later by Archduke  Sigmund, who allowed George Hack Prince-Bishop of Trent to “take refuge” there in 1463. He left in 1465. In 1530 it was bought by  Emperor Maximilian I, who installed his coat of arms in two places (above a door and on top of a chimney). Actually the date of 1530 for this appears at odds with the rest of the history on the web  page, which talks of the Emperor giving it to his chancellor in 1493, then to Georg von Frundsberg. One of these dudes blew up  the tower accidentally in 1520.

Then it was neglected until 1530 when it was bestowed to Sigmund von Brandis. After that it went to the Church of Trent (again) and they gave it to the Counts of Lichenstein-Castlecorno as a feud in around 1154. The Count Hans Jacon’s arms are on top of the entrance.


Detail of VMs folio f46v

Detail of the root on f46v

Compare with the right hand crest on this fresco in the Castle:

Heraldic shields in a fresco at Castle Runkelstein

Compare the angled blue striped shield at the left with the VMs tub on the outer figures ring  at 10 o’clock on f71r (R.Sale’s Fieschi arms)


Compare the tubs in f71r with the bath tub depicted in another fresco at the Castle:

A crowned chap in a bathtub in one of the Castle frescos

Crossbowman and Huntsman

Compare the head gear of the crossbowman in the VMs with that of the huntsman in red on a fresco in the castle. Also note the general shape of the bow and arrow in both pictures.

Chap holding crossbow in the Voynich Manuscript

Huntsmen on a fresco in the Castle

Sun and Moon

Compare the Sun and Moon in the VMs with their depictions in the Castle’s bathroom.

VMs Sun

VMs Moon

Sun and Moon in the Castle bathroom

(Sun/Moon image from

Symbol on f1r

Compare the “bird glyph” symbol on f1r with the shape of the crown being worn by the lady on a fresco at the Castle. (Note also the spreadeagle emblem of the Tyrol on the rug.)

"Bird glyph" on f1r

Unusually shaped crown being worn by a lady on one of the Castle frescos

Castles in the VMs

Compare the appearance of the three towers castle in the VMs Rosettes folio, and the Castle Runkelstein as depicted in its frescos:

Castle in the Rosettes folios

Detail of fresco at Castle Runkelstein

Now look at the shape of the VMs “Tower in a Hole” (as named by Rich Santa Coloma), and compare with the central tower in the above detail:

The VMs "Tower in a Hole"

Woman Holding Round Object

The interesting similarity here is the pose of the two women, which is almost identical. Also note they are both holding round objects, and wearing head dresses that have a central feature. The woman depicted on the Runkelstein fresco is Margarete Maultasch (“satchel-mouth”), countess and ruler of Tyrol (1318-1369) .

Naked lady holding object, wearing head dress

Woman holding a ball (playing a game) on one of the Castle frescos (note headdress)



June 8, 2011 2 comments

Castelbello, Northern Italy (Note swallow tail merlons, and twin conical towers)

“The castle Castelbello is enthroned on a cliff and can be visited. It was built around 1200 and nearly burned right down during the wars of liberation. The castle chapel is especially worth visiting, it has decorative frescos of the 16th century and a permanent exhibition on the famous Roman street Claudia Augusta.”

Compare with

Categories: Castles, Rose

“ohay” … Oh, hai!

April 6, 2010 2 comments

Here is a collage of all the places where the label “ohay” appears.

Categories: f67v2, f68r2, f82r, f84v, f99r, ohay, Rose Tags:

T/O Maps, the Moon and Carthage

March 27, 2010 4 comments

Consider the three T/O maps (thanks to Rich Santa Coloma for this suggestion), depicting the Earth (or World) in the VMs (on f67v2, the Rosettes, and f68v3). Looking at f67v2 there is a channel between the moon and one of the T/O map quadrants, labeled “ohay aeck oehaN”. The same quadrant is labelled “ohay” on the Rosettes. It makes sense that the Earth is shown like this on both folios – away and to the side – as these folios are dedicated to illustrations of the sun, moon etc. and (perhaps) paradise or the garden of earthly delights, respectively. Let’s come back to this later – specifically the significance of the label “ohay” with the Moon.

The T/O map on f68v3 can be compared with a map from 1472 , and it’s tempting to match “oko8oe” to “Africa” or “Cham”.

However, the Asia part of the map on f68v3 is labeled with a set of words, rather than a single word that might be “Asia” or “Sem”. So perhaps this is a list of prominent place names in Asia. Perhaps the labels on the Europa and Africa quadrants are also prominent place names? Here’s a contemporary map that shows Africa, Europa and Asia (from 1483):

In Africa, we see the city of Cartha (Carthage). Carthage is even more prominent in this map dating from 1110:

So, the conjecture for this T/O map on f68v3 is that it is showing prominent (or significant) place names in each continent, and that “oko8oe” = “cartago”. This fits nicely (of course) with the “ok-” = “ca-” prefix theory.

Recurring Labels – “okoe89”, “okae89” and “okae9”

March 24, 2010 8 comments

Some of the VMs labels appear on more than one folio. One such is “okoe89”, which labels objects on five different folios (f99v, f89r1, f89r2, f82v and rosette). What do all these objects have in common?

Similarly, “okae89” appears on three different folios (f88r, f101v2 and f99r). Two look like the same plant/root.

And “okae9”, on three different folios (f84r, f88r and f99v).

Categories: f101v2, f82v, f84r, f88r, f89r1, f89r2, f99r, f99v, okae89, okae9, okoe89, Rose Tags: